Surveys and valuations of ecclesiastical property
- 1254 The
of Norwich ed. W.E. Lunt (1926). In 1254 the pope ordered
a new assessment of clergy property for taxation. The returns survive
for eight dioceses in England and Wales: Bangor, Durham, Ely, Lincoln,
Llandaff, London, Norwich and St Asaph.
Ecclesiastica (Record Commission 1802). In 1288
Pope Nicholas IV granted Edward I 1/10 of the ecclesiastical income of
England and Wales to pay for a crusade. Between 1288 and 1292 a survey
was made for this tax, which lists benefices worth more than six marks
(£4) for most of the country. It mentions c.8,500 churches and chapels,
but hospital chapels were exempt. It can be searched online by modern
or medieval name of the church.
Nonarum Inquisitiones in Curia Scaccarii, temp. Regis
Edwardi III (Record Commission 1807): Another valuation
for taxation, covering much of 27 English counties : Bedfordshire,
Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Cornwall, Dorset, Essex, Glocestershire,
Hampshire, Herefordshire, Hertfordshire, Huntingdonshire, Kent,
Lancashire, Lincolnshire, Middlesex, Northamptonshire, Nottinghamshire,
Oxfordshire, Rutland, Shropshire, Staffordshire, Suffolk, Sussex,
Wiltshire, Warwickshire, Worcestershire, and Yorkshire.
Survey of guilds and fraternities in England. Returns in National
Archives C47/38-46; listed in List and Index Society 26;
those written in English are published in J.Toulmin Smith, English
Gilds, Early English Text Society 40.
Valor Ecclesiasticus temp Henry VIII (Record
Commission 1810-34): Henry VIII's survey of ecclesiastical property in
England and Wales, made after he broke
with Rome, taking over Church taxation which had previously
gone to the pope. Covers
monasteries, cathedrals, churches and hospitals staffed by clergy.
- 1540 Royal commissioners
surveyed monastic property in Ireland; the results are summarised in Letters
and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII.
- 1546, 1548 Surveys of
chantries, collegiate churches and free
chapels in England and Wales. (Hospitals included in 1546). The returns
are in National
Archives E301, with a few strays in C47/7/3, E117/8/23b,
E36/110-113 and E315/374-375. There are published transcripts for some
and Middlesex Chantry Certificate 1548, London
Record Society vol. 16 (1980) is online.
- 1560s The
Books of Assumption of the Thirds of Benefices, Records of
Social and Economic History, New Series 21 (1995): a survey of the
income of church properties in Scotland.
- 1676: Compton Ecclesiastical Census: census of religious affiliation
within the Provinces and Canterbury and York, listing total
numbers of Conformists, Papists and Nonconformists. The returns were
published in A. Whiteman (ed.), The Compton Census of 1676: A critical edition (1986).
John Ecton, Liber Valorem et Decimarum : Being
an account of the valuations and yearly tenths of all such
ecclesiastical benefices in England and Wales, as now stand chargeable
with the payment of first-fruits and tenths ... (1711) is
a directory of benefices by diocese and deanery, listing patrons,
incumbents, dedications, appropriations and income.
John Bacon, Liber Regis vel Thesaurus Rerum
Ecclesiasticarum (1786) is similar to Liber
National Archives HO129: the religious census for all places of worship
in England and Wales gives attendance at services on 30 March 1851 and
information on the buildings. Some local record offices have a copy on
microfilm of the return for their county.